The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a domesticated fowl, a subspecies of the Red Junglefowl. As one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, and with a population of more than 24 billion in 2003, there are more chickens in the world than any other species of bird. Humans keep chickens primarily as a source of food, consuming both their meat and their eggs.
ChickenBirds kept as petsChickenAnimals described in 1758United States state birdsJunglefowls
Poultry is a category of domesticated birds kept by humans for the purpose of collecting their eggs, or killing for their meat and/or feathers. These most typically are members of the superorder Galloanserae (fowl), especially the order Galliformes and the family Anatidae, commonly known as "waterfowl". Poultry also includes other birds which are killed for their meat, such as pigeons or doves or birds considered to be game, like pheasants.
Animal husbandry is the agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.
Animal husbandryAnimal husbandry
Fodder or animal feed is any agricultural foodstuff used specifically to feed domesticated livestock, such as cattle, goats, sheep, horses, chickens and pigs. Most animal feed is from plants, but some is of animal origin. "Fodder" refers particularly to food given to the animals (including plants cut and carried to them), rather than that which they forage for themselves. It includes hay, straw, silage, compressed and pelleted feeds, oils and mixed rations, and sprouted grains and legumes.
An agricultural show is a public event showcasing the equipment, animals, sports and recreation associated with agriculture and animal husbandry. The largest comprise a livestock show (a judged event or display in which breeding stock is exhibited), a trade fair, competitions, and entertainment. The work and practices of farmers, animal fanciers, cowboys and zoologists may be displayed.
Agricultural showAgricultural shows
Scissors are hand-operated cutting instruments. They consist of a pair of metal blades pivoted so that the sharpened edges slide against each other when the handles (bows) opposite to the pivot are closed. Scissors are used for cutting various thin materials, such as paper, cardboard, metal foil, thin plastic, cloth, rope, and wire. Scissors can also be used to cut hair and food. Scissors and shears are functionally equivalent, but larger implements tend to be called shears.
ScissorsSewing equipmentScissorsEmbroidery equipment
Intensive farming or intensive agriculture is an agricultural production system characterized by a low fallow ratio and the high use of inputs such as capital, labour, or heavy use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers relative to land area.. This is in contrast to many sorts of traditional agriculture in which the inputs per unit land are lower.
Intensive farmingAgricultureIndustrial agriculture
A breed standard (also called bench standard) in animal fancy and animal husbandry is a set of guidelines which is used to ensure that the animals produced by a breeder or breeding facility conform to the specifics of the breed. Breed standards are devised by breed associations or breed clubs, not by individuals, and are written to reflect the use or purpose of the species and breed of the animal.
For the band, see Bantam Rooster. For the Jake Thackray album, see Bantam Cock. For the Merrie Melodies "Banty Rooster" character see Banty Raids. Banty Rooster is also a blues song created by Charley Patton which inspired Howling Wolf and Willie Dixon to compose the Little Red Rooster A bantam is a small variety of poultry, especially chickens.
Bantam (poultry)PoultryBirds of EuropeBantam chicken breedsChicken breeds originating in IndonesiaChicken breeds
Animal fancy is a hobby involving the appreciation, promotion, or breeding of pet or domestic animals. Fancy may include ownership, showing, trialling and other competitions, breeding and judging. Hobbyists may simply collect specimens of the animal in appropriate enclosures, such as aquaria, vivaria and aviaries. Fanciers with means may keep hobby farms or private zoos.
American Poultry Association
The American Poultry Association (APA) is the oldest poultry organization in the North America. Founded in 1873, and incorporated in Indiana in 1932 The first American poultry show was held in 1849, and the APA was later formed in response to the burgeoning need for an overseeing body to set standards for poultry breeds and to administer judging.
American Poultry AssociationAgricultural organizations based in the United StatesPoultry farming in the United StatesBreeder organizations
American Standard of Perfection
The American Standard of Perfection is the official breed standard for the poultry fancy in North America. First published in 1874 by the American Poultry Association, the Standard of Perfection (commonly referred to as "the Standard") classifies and describes the standard physical appearance, coloring and temperament for all recognized breeds of poultry, including chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese.
American Standard of PerfectionPoultry standardsHandbooks and manualsBreeding
A livestock show is an event where livestock are exhibited and judged on certain phenotypical breed traits as specified by their respective breed standard. Species of livestock that may be shown include pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, llamas and alpacas. Poultry such as chickens, geese, ducks, turkeys and pigeons are also shown competitively. A livestock show may be part of an agricultural show.
Livestock showLivestockAgricultural showsPoultry
Poultry farming is the raising of domesticated birds such as chickens, turkeys, ducks, and geese, for the purpose of farming meat or eggs for food. Poultry are farmed in great numbers with chickens being the most numerous. More than 50 billion chickens are raised annually as a source of food, for both their meat and their eggs. Chickens raised for eggs are usually called laying hens whilst chickens raised for meat are often called broilers.
Poultry farmingPoultry farming
Chicken wire, or poultry netting, is a mesh of wire commonly used to fence poultry livestock. It is made of thin, flexible galvanized wire, with hexagonal gaps. Available in 1 inch (about 2.5 cm) diameter, 2 inch (about 5 cm) and 1/2 inch (about 1.3 cm), chicken wire is available in various wire gauges usually 19 gauge (about 1 mm wire) to 22 gauge (about 0.7 mm wire).
Plymouth Rock (chicken)
The Plymouth Rock, often called simply Rocks or Barred Rocks (after their most popular color), is a chicken breed that originated in the United States. The Plymouth Rock is a dual-purpose, cold-hardy bird and therefore makes a great breed for the small farm or backyard flock owner. The Barred Rock is often called the Plymouth Rock, but this title correctly belongs to the entire breed, not just the Barred variety.
Plymouth Rock (chicken)Chicken breeds originating in the United States
Free-range eggs are eggs produced using birds that are permitted to roam freely within a farmyard, a shed or a chicken coop. This is different from factory-farmed birds that are typically enclosed in battery cages. The term "free-range" may be used differently depending on the country and its laws.
Free-range eggsEggs (food)Poultry farmingAnimal welfare
Mechanically separated meat
Mechanically separated meat (MSM), mechanically recovered/reclaimed meat (MRM), mechanically deboned meat (MDM), lean fresh pork trim, or pink slime when made from beef, and white slime when made from chicken is a paste-like meat product produced by forcing beef, pork, turkey or chicken, under high pressure through a sieve or similar device to separate the bone from the edible meat tissue.
Mechanically separated meatMeat industryIndustrial agriculture
Redgrave is a civil parish and a small village in the Rickinghall and Walsham ward in the Mid Suffolk district in Suffolk county in eastern England. The village of Redgrave is the descendant of the historic Redgrave Manor (Redgrave Park) which contained Redgrave Hall and currently contains Redgrave Park Farm which once farmed free range turkeys. In November 2007, Redgrave Park Farm had an outbreak of H5N1.
Redgrave, Suffolk2007 in EnglandInfluenza A virus subtype H5N1Mid SuffolkHistory of SuffolkVillages in Suffolk
Oregon State Fair
The Oregon State Fair is the official state fair of the U.S. state of Oregon. It takes place every August–September at the 185-acre (0.75 km) Oregon State Fairgrounds located in north Salem, the state capital, as it has almost every year since 1862.
Oregon State FairVisitor attractions in Salem, OregonAgriculture in OregonFairgroundsState fairsAugust eventsSports venues in OregonCulture of Salem, OregonState agencies of OregonFestivals in OregonAnnual fairsFairs in the United StatesIndoor arenas in the United StatesRecurring events established in 1862September eventsNational Register of Historic Places in Salem, OregonMusic venues in OregonOregon culture
Poultry is a street in the City of London. It forms a short portion of the eastern-most end of Cheapside, between Old Jewry and a junction with Queen Victoria Street and Mansion House Street near Bank junction. It takes its name, like other roads nearby such as Milk Street and Bread Street, from the various produce once sold at Cheapside, meaning "market-place" in Old English.
Poultry, LondonStreets in the City of London
Corporate farming is a term that describes the business of agriculture, specifically, what is seen by some as the practices of would-be megacorporations involved in food production on a very large scale. It is a modern food industry issue, and encompasses not only the farm itself, but also the entire chain of agriculture-related business, including seed supply, agrichemicals, food processing, machinery, storage, transport, distribution, marketing, advertising, and retail sales.
Corporate farmingAgricultureAgricultural economicsBusinessIndustrial agriculture
Pastured poultry is a sustainable agriculture technique that calls for the raising of laying chickens, meat chickens (broilers), and/or turkeys on pasture, as opposed to indoor confinement. Humane treatment, the perceived health benefits of pastured poultry, in addition to superior texture and flavor, are causing an increase in demand for such products.
Pastured poultryPoultry farmingSustainable agricultureAnimal welfare
The Bresse (French: Poulet de Bresse) is a breed of chicken originating from the Bresse area of the Rhône-Alpes region of France.
Bresse (chicken)Chicken breeds originating in FranceChicken breeds
Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957
The Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957 (P.L. 85-172, as amended) requires USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) to inspect all domesticated birds when slaughtered and processed into products for human consumption. By regulation, FSIS has defined domesticated birds as chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and guinea fowl. Ratites were added in 2001.
Poultry Products Inspection Act of 1957United States federal agriculture legislation
The Hamburg or Hamburgh in Britain, is a type of chicken developed in Germany and Holland prior to 1700. It is comparatively rare, with less than 1000 registered in North America each year.
Hamburg (chicken)Chicken breeds originating in the NetherlandsChicken breedsALBC Conservation Priority BreedsChicken breeds originating in Germany
Foster Farms (poultry company)
Foster Farms is a United States West Coast poultry company. The company has been privately owned and operated by the Foster family since 1939. The company is based in Livingston, California with operations throughout the West Coast and a few on the East Coast. The company specializes in a variety of chicken and turkey products advertised as fresh and naturally locally grown.
Foster Farms (poultry company)Agriculture in OregonCompanies established in 1939Companies based in Merced County, CaliforniaMeat processing in the United StatesBrand name poultryFood production companies of the United States
United States Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, Marketing and Agriculture Security
The U.S. Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, Marketing and Agriculture Security is one of five subcommittees of the U.S. Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry. This subcommittee has jurisdiction over legislation on foreign agricultural trade, foreign market development, and agriculture product promotion and domestic marketing programs.
United States Senate Agriculture Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, Poultry, Marketing and Agriculture SecuritySubcommittees of the United States Senate
Cannibalism is a behavioural problem that occurs most frequently amongst domestic hens reared for egg production, although it can also occur amongst domestic turkeys, pheasants reared as gamebirds, and other poultry species. Cannibalism occurs when one bird pecks at the skin of another and devours its flesh. Cannibalism can follow on from severe feather pecking which has caused denuded areas on the bird.
Cannibalism (poultry)Bird healthPoultry farming
In agriculture, poultry litter or broiler litter is a material used as bedding in poultry operations to render the floor more manageable. Common litter materials are wood shavings, sawdust, peanut hulls, shredded sugar cane, straw, and other dry, absorbent, low-cost organic materials. Sand is also occasionally used as bedding. After use, the litter consists primarily of poultry manure, but also contains the original litter material, feathers, and spilled feed.
Poultry litterPoultry farming
Argas persicus, fowl tick or poultry tick is a small soft-bodied tick that is found primarily on chickens and other domestic fowl. It was first recorded by Lorenz Oken in 1818 in Mianeh, Persia, and named Rhynochoprion persicum. A. persicus has a worldwide distribution in warm climates and is a carrier of avian spirochetosis in chickens. In addition to chickens and other domestic fowl, A. persicus also feeds on humans, although an immunity has been acquired by some individuals.
Argas persicusTicksAnimals described in 1818
Biman Bangladesh Airlines subsidiaries
Biman Bangladesh Airlines subsidiaries include a number of ancillary and maintenance facilities established to facilitate operations of Biman Bangladesh Airlines, the national carrier of Bangladesh. Among these subsidiaries are Biman Flight Catering Centre, Biman Engineering Hangar, Bangladesh Airline Training Centre, and the Biman Poultry Complex.
Biman Bangladesh Airlines subsidiariesBiman Bangladesh Airlines
Dermanyssus gallinae (also known as the red mite, poultry mite, red poultry mite and chicken mite) is an ectoparasite of poultry and other bird species.
Dermanyssus gallinaeBird parasitesAnimals described in 1778Poultry diseasesVeterinary entomologyMesostigmataAgricultural pest mites
A poultry was the office in a medieval household responsible for the purchase and preparation of poultry, as well as the room in which the poultry was stored. It was headed by a poulter or poulterer (though this last term is more often for a merchant who deals in poultry). The office was subordinated to the kitchen, and only existed as a separate office in larger households. It was closely connected with other offices of the kitchen, such as the larder and the saucery.
Poultry (office)Medieval cuisine
Animal husbandry in India
A large number of farmers in India depend on animal husbandry for their livelihood. In addition to supplying milk, meat, eggs, and hides, animals, mainly bullocks, are the major source of power for both farmers and drayers. Thus, animal husbandry plays an important role in the rural economy. The gross value of output from this sector was 7px 358 billion in FY 1989, an amount that constituted about 25 percent of the total agricultural output of 7px1.4 trillion.
Animal husbandry in IndiaAnimal husbandry in India
Australian Poultry Standard
The Australian Poultry Standard is the official breed standard for poultry fancy in Australia. It is the official standard of perfection from which all poultry in Australia is supposed to be judged when exhibited at Poultry Show’s. Published by the Victorian Poultry Association, the first edition of the Australian Poultry Standard was published in 1998 and is at the current time, the only edition.
Australian Poultry StandardPoultry standardsHandbooks and manualsBreeding
Avian infectious bronchitis
Avian infectious bronchitis (IB) is an acute and highly contagious respiratory disease of chickens. The disease is caused by avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a coronavirus, and characterized by respiratory signs including gasping, coughing, sneezing, tracheal rales, and nasal discharge. In young chickens, severe respiratory distress may occur.
Avian infectious bronchitisNidoviralesPoultry diseasesAnimal virology
Poultry Club of Great Britain
The Poultry Club of Great Britain is a registered charity founded in 1877. Its stated purpose is to "safeguard the interests of all pure and traditional breeds of poultry including chickens, bantams, ducks, geese and turkeys. " The Poultry Club maintains the British Poultry Standard and acts as the overseeing body for all poultry breed clubs in Great Britain. The club is also responsible for organizing the annual british national poultry show.
Poultry Club of Great BritainOrganizations established in 1877PoultryBreeder organizations
Poultry by-product meal
Poultry by-product meal (PBM) is a high-protein commodity used as a major component in some pet foods. It is made from grinding clean, rendered parts of poultry carcasses and can contain bones, offal and undeveloped eggs, but only contains feathers that are unavoidable in the processing of the poultry parts. Poultry by-product meal quality and composition can change from one batch to another.
Poultry by-product mealPet foodsGranular materials
Bulgarian Poultry Breeders Association
Bulgarian Poultry Breeders Association was founded by poultry breeders in 2010 with the headquarter in Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Poultry Breeders Association unites persons who are related to raising and breeding of birds of the order Galliformes and family Anatidae of the order Anseriformes.
Bulgarian Poultry Breeders AssociationBreeder organizations
Poultry Science Association
The Poultry Science Association (PSA) is a non-profit professional organization for the advancement of poultry science. Founded in 1908, the PSA is headquartered in Savoy, Illinois, located near the Urbana-Champaign, Illinois area. Consisting of 3500 members, PSA is involved in research, education, nutrition, and processing of poultry-based products, including chicken, quail, turkey, and duck. Its two main journals are Poultry Science and the Journal of Applied Poultry Research.
Poultry Science Association1908 establishments in the United StatesOrganizations based in IllinoisFood technology organizationsPoultry farming in the United StatesAgricultural organizations based in the United States
British Poultry Standard
The British Poultry Standard is the oldest poultry fancy breed standard in the world. First published by the original Poultry Club of Great Britain, a club which existed for only three years, in 1865, the standard was the first of its kind. The compilation of the standard was then taken over by the 2nd and current Poultry Club of Great Britain.
British Poultry StandardPoultry standardsHandbooks and manualsBreeding
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United States House Agriculture Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry
The House Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry is a subcommittee within the House Agriculture Committee. It oversees all issues relating to livestock, dairy, poultry, meat, seafood and seafood products including federal inspection, marketing, and promotion of these commodities. It also oversees aquaculture, animal welfare, and grazing issues.
United States House Agriculture Subcommittee on Livestock, Dairy, and PoultrySubcommittees of the United States House of Representatives
Blinders, also known as peepers or chicken spectacles, are devices fitted to, or through, the beaks of poultry to block their forward vision and assist in the control of feather pecking, cannibalism and sometimes egg-eating. A patent for the devices was filed as early as 1935. They are used primarily for game birds, pheasant and quail, but also for turkeys and laying hens. Blinders are opaque, unlike similar devices with transparent lenses also sometimes called spectacles.
Blinders (poultry)EyewearPoultry farmingAnimal equipment
Dubbing is the procedure of removing the comb, wattles and sometimes earlobes of poultry. Removing the wattles is sometimes called “dewattling”.
Dubbing (poultry)PoultryAnimal crueltyBird healthPoultry farmingAnimal welfare
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